Plastic Surgery Vs Cosmetic Surgery – What is the Difference

Have you ever dreamt of smoother skin, a perkier bustline, or a sharper jawline? Perhaps you’ve even browsed online or flipped through magazines, encountering a dazzling array of “plastic surgery” procedures. But wait, isn’t there something called “cosmetic surgery” too? Are they the same?

The world of aesthetics can be confusing, especially when terms get tossed around interchangeably. Fear not, beauty seekers! This blog is here to shed light on the fascinating world of plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery, clearing up the confusion and empowering you to make informed decisions.

Plastic surgery is a broad medical specialty that encompasses both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. At its core, plastic surgery focuses on repairing defects or abnormalities caused by congenital deformities, trauma, burns, disease, or aging. The primary objective of plastic surgery is to restore the normal function and appearance of the affected areas, ensuring optimal aesthetic and functional outcomes.

In contrast, cosmetic surgery is a branch of medicine dedicated solely to enhancing an individual’s appearance through surgical and non-surgical techniques. Unlike plastic surgery, cosmetic procedures are elective and are performed on areas that are functionally normal but may require aesthetic enhancement based on the patient’s desires. The primary goal of cosmetic surgery is to improve the symmetry, proportion, and overall aesthetic appeal of specific body features.

Plastic Surgery Procedures

Plastic surgery encompasses a wide range of reconstructive procedures, including but not limited to:

  • Breast reconstruction after mastectomy
  • Cleft lip and palate repair
  • Burn and scar revision surgeries
  • Congenital deformity corrections (e.g., webbed fingers, protruding ears)
  • Hand surgery for injuries or conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Microsurgery for reattaching severed limbs or digits
  • Lower extremity reconstruction for trauma or disease-related deformities

cosmetic Surgery Procedures

Cosmetic surgery focuses on aesthetic enhancement through procedures such as:

  • Breast augmentation, reduction, or lift
  • Facelift and neck lift
  • Eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty)
  • Rhinoplasty (nose reshaping)
  • Liposuction and body contouring
  • Tummy tuck (abdominoplasty)
  • Non-surgical treatments like Botox, dermal fillers, and laser resurfacing

While plastic surgeons may perform both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures, cosmetic surgeons specialize solely in aesthetic enhancements.

Plastic surgery can be done as either an elective or emergency surgery. Emergency surgery usually means there is an urgent threat to an individual’s life, limb, organ,, or another part of their body. Examples include nasal injuries, facial lacerations,, and deep scalp wounds.

Cosmetic surgery is always an elective procedure, as the area to be treated is not dysfunctional and needs to be treated aesthetically according to the patient.

Surgical procedures always come with the risk of complications. You can reduce this risk by selecting a surgeon who is appropriately qualified, trained, and accredited to perform the highest level of procedures and surgeries.

When it comes to both plastic and cosmetic surgery, the expertise of the surgeon is paramount. Both require extensive training and certifications:

  • Board Certification:  This is the gold standard. These surgeons complete extensive training, including a general surgery residency followed by a residency specifically in plastic surgery..
  • Fellowship Training: For specific procedures, some surgeons pursue additional fellowship training to refine their skills in areas like facial aesthetics or breast surgery.
  • Experience: Seek out a surgeon with a proven track record of successful surgeries and happy patients.
  • Facility Accreditation :  The facility where the surgery will be performed should be accredited and adhere to strict safety standards. Accredited facilities are subject to regular inspections and must maintain specific protocols to ensure patient safety and quality care.
  • Patient Testimonials and Reviews : Seek out patient testimonials and online reviews to gain insights into the surgeon’s bedside manner, communication style, and overall patient satisfaction. While reviews should be considered with a critical eye, they can provide valuable perspectives from individuals who have undergone similar procedures.

Pinkapple Aesthetics Plastic and Cosmetic Clinic, led by the esteemed Dr. Pinky Devi Ayyappan, a board-certified plastic surgeon, exemplifies these qualifications. Dr. Pinky and her team prioritize patient safety and satisfaction, offering a comprehensive range of procedures with meticulous care and expertise.

Pinkapple Aesthetics Plastic and Cosmetic surgery Clinic, Bangalore

Health insurance typically covers surgeries deemed medically necessary, which often includes plastic surgeries However, cosmetic surgeries, being elective and primarily for aesthetic enhancement, are usually not covered

At Pinakpple Aesthetics Plastic and Cosmetic Clinic Bangalore, we prioritize patient safety and satisfaction. Dr. Pinky Devi Ayyappan, our board-certified plastic surgeon, combines expertise and compassion to provide exceptional care. If you’re considering plastic or cosmetic surgery, we invite you to schedule a consultation with us to discuss your aesthetic goals and how we can help you achieve them.

Remember, the decision to undergo surgery should not be taken lightly. It’s crucial to do your research, ask the right questions, and choose a qualified and experienced surgeon. Your health and satisfaction are worth it!

To schedule an appointment with Dr. Pinky Devi Ayyappan for plastic and cosmetic services, please call +91 9353180826 or email

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